10 Eternal Indian Folks Art That You Should Know!

10 Eternal Indian Folks Art That You Should Know!

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Every region of India has its own folk art heritage that dates back centuries or even millennia, whether it be the Warli wall paintings from Maharashtra, the Kalamkari fabrics from Andhra Pradesh, or the Kalighat bazaar art from West Bengal.

Even though each of these art forms is based on unique styles, techniques, and topics, they all share a love of community and narrative, and when combined, they reveal the complex history of India throughout the millennia. 

Here, we meet 10 modern artists who continue their folk traditions into the twenty-first century while paying homage to the past and utilizing the expressive possibilities of each aesthetic to tell fresh tales about the present and the future.

Astonishing 10 Indian Folk Art

1. Miniature artwork

These paintings, which date back to the 16th century, are distinguished by their small size, exquisite detailing, and sharp expressions. In Rajasthan, the art form is well-liked and frequently practiced.

2. Phad

Phad is a type of religious scroll art that originated in Rajasthan and depicts the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Vegetable colors and narratives that follow numerous gods and brave acts are features of these paintings. The picture is crammed with characters and depictions of ancient tales in every available space.

3. Gond

These vivid and strikingly coloured paintings, which prominently represent nature, are attributed to the Gondi tribe of Madhya Pradesh. The defining characteristics of Gond paintings are their distinctive patterns and lines. In order to create the colors, charcoal,

The hues come from coloured soil, charcoal, leaves, and cow dung. However, Gond artists are switching to canvas and poster colors to lower the price of the painting.

4. Kalamkari 

With names derived from Persian, the Kalamkari from Chittoor is known as Srikalahasti, and the one from Machilipatam is known as Machilipatam. The state of Andhra Pradesh is the source of both varieties. The term "kalamkari" refers to the use of a pen for completely hand-crafted, freehand topic drawing and color filling.

5. Madhubani 

Mithila art is another name for Madhubani paintings, which have their origins in modern-day Bihar and Nepal. One of the most well-known Indian folk art forms, it is characterized by geometric patterns and is used frequently to depict Gods and Goddesses.

Until an earthquake in the 1930s exposed ruined houses with Madhubani paintings, this kind of art—characterized by geometric patterns—was unknown outside of India. William G. Archer said it was similar to Picasso's and Miro's work. Gods, flora, and fauna are common subjects in these works of art.

6. Warli

One of India's earliest art styles, Warli, is linked to the Warli tribes of the Western Ghats. The predominant geometric shapes in these artworks are triangles, circles, and squares. Scenes of fishing, dancing, farming, and a wedding ceremony surround the painting's central topic. One of the images that appears the most frequently in Warli paintings is the tarpa dance.

7. Cheriyal Scrolls

The modernized form of nakashi art known as Cheriyal Scrolls has its origins in Telangana today. 

The paintings typically depict or feature Indian mythology, such as the Krishna Leela, Mahabharata, Ramayana, and Shiva Puranam, with a scroll length of 40–45 feet. However, as opposed to the lengthy scrolls of the past, artists have now adapted to using shorter scrolls that only depict a single episode or a small number of characters from the traditional stories. 

Certain traits, including the usage of red in the background, help to identify Cheriyal paintings.

8. Kalighat 

Around Kolkata's Kali temple in the 19th century, Kalighat paintings flourished, distinguished by their vivid colours and strong forms. These paintings, which at first portrayed Gods and Goddesses, finally made a radical turn towards social reform. This style of painting has continued to inspire and enchant artists and art enthusiasts worldwide.

9. Patachitra 

The textile-based scroll painting style known as Patachitra originates from West Bengal and Odisha. It dates back to the fifth century and uses bold, angular, and pointed strokes and lines to represent Gods and Goddesses.

10. Tanjore 

These paintings originate from Tanjore, Tamil Nadu, and were created during the beginning of the 9th century, which was the time of the Chola kingdom. Tanjore paintings prominently feature metallic hues, semi precious stones, and gold foils.

To Sum Up

Traditional methods of folk painting and art from ancient India have been preserved and are still used now in various regions of the country. 

In many regions of India, people continue to practice the folk art that has been passed down from generation to generation. As a result of the wide range of cultural influences, many different types of art have developed over time, some of which have remained mostly unchanged despite the advent of new pigments and media. 

All of these works, which feature religious epics or deities, are impressive in their own right. A sense of antiquity and antique nostalgia is conveyed by the use of natural dyes and colors created of soil, mud, leaves, and charcoal on canvas or cloth.

Looking for a traditional painting style for your home? Image Art Gallery has highly skilled and excellent painters who are known for their delicate painting style and strokes. 

Find the highly quality and traditionally-inspired paintings at Image Art Gallery.